Salmonella

Image of salmonella.

Salmonella is a bacterium that can cause disease in humans, dogs, cats, and other animals. It can cause a variety of symptoms, commonly vomiting and/or diarrhea, but also severe infections and septicemia. It can also cause abscesses, meningitis, bone infections, and abortion.

Salmonella is found worldwide and is commonly associated with contaminated food, reptiles, and birds. Epidemics of salmonellosis in migrating songbirds in the spring can create disease in bird-hunting cats. Most, if not all, reptiles carry Salmonella in their intestines, and occasionally shed it in their feces. The bacteria usually do not cause disease in reptiles, but a growing number of Salmonella infections each year in people can be traced to pet reptiles. It is virtually impossible to eliminate Salmonella from pet reptiles.

Rarely, contamination of commercial dog food or treats with Salmonella has occurred. More common, a popular fad diet of feeding raw food for dogs and cats has caused illness in pets and the people in the household. A study showed that families that fed raw food to their pets had a much higher incidence of salmonellosis in the people.

Contaminated human food can also be a source of Salmonella, especially raw eggs, chicken, and undercooked meat. Even lettuce, fruits and vegetables have been incriminated. Food can become contaminated if someone infected with Saclmonella handles it without washing his or her hands.

Treatment of salmonellosis in the milder cases may just involve oral antibiotics. More severe cases will need hospitalization with intravenous fluids and antibiotics. Recovering patients may shed the bacteria in the stool for six weeks or longer.

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  • "Absolutely fantastic ! Dr Holbrook came to my house because my Carlos was so sick and about to die , I had taken him to another vet that does neuter/spay if you have shelter kitties ( mine are) and the next day he was dehydrated and wouldn't eat and had a terribly high fever.... Two days .... I called and Dr. Holbrook made him feel better by the very next day . Gave him meds for appetite, fluid, antibiotics and even came by the house to check and give further attention if needed . They have gone above and beyond their jobs .I have never seen such personal care or concern for my kitties in my life .... . I have to say in my opinion if your not happy with the care here you probably won't be happy anywhere! They are genuinely good people and great communication. Thank you Dr Holbrook for saving carlos life !!"
    Jana S. Southlake, TX

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